• DE
  • EN
  • FR
Logo Max Ernst Museum Brühl des LVRLogo Landschaftsverband Rheinland
Max Ernst bei der Arbeit am Wandgemälde für die Corso-Bar Banner Moebius-Ausstellung Aussenansicht des Max Ernst Museums Kinderführung durch die Schausammlung im Wechsel Ansicht der Schausammlung im Wechsel Foyer des Max Ernst Museums Ein Kind schaut sich in der Schausammlung im Wechsel Bilder von Max Ernst an Aussenansicht des Fantasie Labors Ein Besucher in der Schausammlung im Wechsel vor einer Plastik von Max Ernst

Biography


The young  Max Ernst at the easel

The young Max Ernst at the easel

Biography

1891

Max Ernst is born on April 2nd at Schlossstraße 21 in Brühl. His father, Philipp Ernst, teaches him how to paint early on.

1913

During his studies in ancient philology at Bonn University, he contributes to the exhibition of expressionist art from the region (Rheinische Expressionisten).

1914-1918

During World War I, he is deployed at both the western and eastern fronts. Shortly before the end of the war, he marries the art historian Luise Straus.

1919

He starts the Cologne Dadaist movement together with Hans Arp and J. T. Baargeld.

1920

His only son, Ulrich (Jimmy) Ernst, is born.

1921

First exhibition in Paris.

1922

He moves to Paris and stays with the poet Paul Éluard and his wife Gala.

1925

Max Ernst delves into frottage techniques and publishes his Histoire naturelle with 34 works a year later.

1927

Marie-Berthe Aurenche becomes his second wife.

1929

His first collage novel La femme 100 têtes is published.

1935

First plaster sculptures created by molding everyday objects.

1939-1940

After the beginning of World War II, Max Ernst is repeatedly sent to French internment camps as an “enemy national”; in Germany, his work is classified as “degenerate art”.

1941

He emigrates to the United States in July. In December, art collector Peggy Guggenheim becomes his third wife.

1946

Together with his fourth wife, Dorothea Tanning, he moves to Sedona, Arizona.

1951

In honor of his 60th birthday, the largest Max Ernst retrospective to date is shown at Augustusburg Castle in Brühl.

1953

Max Ernst returns to France together with Dorothea Tanning.

1954

He is awarded the Grand Prize for Painting at the Venice Biennale, which launches his international success and prompts major retrospectives and numerous awards.

1971

He visits his home town to attend the unveiling of his fountain outside what is now Brühl’s city hall and the first ever award ceremony of the Max Ernst Scholarship.

1972

The University of Bonn awards him an honorary doctorate.

1976

On April 1st, one day before his 85th birthday, Max Ernst dies in Paris.